Continuing the serialization of
Damian Beeson Bullen’s
In which a few more of the world’s greatest mysteries… are finally solved
Available to buy in book form
The beauty of Chispology is that it is always possible to find some kind of solution to a puzzle. Whether it is correct, of course, is down to the weight of evidence which transplants a theory from conjecture, thro’ circumstantially proven to the realms of ‘distinct possibility.’ It is in the latter category that I would like to place my investigations into the the great academic minefields surrounding the ‘Aryan Invasions.’ Adding my own voice to the – in the words of Thomas Trautman – ‘large, noisy public debate,’ I shall be introducing several new words into the Chispological lexicon, including the rather exotic looking, ‘Anthrotree.’ This is a shortened version of ‘Anthropological Factotree,’ which constitutes the main trunk of the ancient peoples, or tribe, we are discussing. Out of this entity shoot branches – & of course sub-branches – representing Culture, Theology, Linguistics, Archeology & Genetics. Applying the mechanicals in this instance, I hope to identify the peoples of the Aryan invasion of India with a set or sets of peoples elsewhere, thus identifying the source of the Aryans.
When Strabo writes, ‘Aristobolus says that when he was sent upon a certain mission in India, he saw a country of more than a thousand cities, together with villages, that had been deserted because the Indus had abandoned its proper bed.’ he is writing of the decline of the Harrapan, or Indus Valley civilisation, c.1700 BC. After this event, one stream of academic thought – based upon archeology & linguistics – has estimated that about the year 1500 BC an illiterate, pastoral, horse-rearing people known as the Aryans migrated to India. Their heartland has never been satisfactorily identified, but it seems to have occupied the general area of the Anatolia-Syria-Iran sphere. Roaming east, they would eventually reach the Indus river system & India proper, bringing with them their mitochondrial heritage & an ancient caste system which still fetidly clings with vicious certitude to Indian life. The Aryans, with their lighter-skin & parleying in an Indo-European tongue, came across darker-hued, Dravidian-speaking natives; who were slowly but resolutely pushed to the southern parts of the subcontinent.
It is into the bedsoil of this migration that I shall now plant the HYPERBASIS behind this chapter’s investigation. A hyperbasis is a statement of fact made with the best evidence available, spliced with a dash of creative understanding. When approaching the Aryan Invasion problem, I remembered a hyperchisp I made in the Princess Scota chapter of the Chisper Effect. Essentially the Greek god Zeus was also a Hyksos pharaoh call’d Seuserenre Khyan & another historical figure called Sesostris. Where Seuserenre was known as the ‘Embracer of Regions’ Zeus was consider’d to be the, ‘King of the Entire World,’ while Sesostris was also said to have conquered the world; where Zeus attack’d the Titans in Thrace, so Sesostris led armies in the same region; where Seuserenre was succeeded by Apepi, Zeus had a son called Epaphus/Apis. With the babel-chain of Zeus-Seus-Ses adding more support to the case, when examining the following passage by Herodotus concerning Sesostris, please bear in mind that when we read about the exploits of one avatar, we are in fact reading about all three.
Chose out the strongest of the men and formed an army worthy of the greatness of his undertaking; for he enlisted six hundred thousand foot-soldiers, twenty-four thousand cavalry, and twenty-seven thousand war chariots. After he had made ready his army he marched first of all against the Ethiopians who dwell south of Egypt, and after conquering them he forced that people to pay a tribute in ebony, gold and the tusks of elephants. Then he sent out a fleet of four hundred ships into the Red Sea, being the first Egyptian to build warships, and not only took possession of the islands in those waters, but also subdued the coast of the mainland as far as India, while he himself made his way by land with his army and subdued all Asia. Not only did he, in fact, visit the territory which was afterwards won by Alexander of Macedon, but also certain peoples into whose country Alexander did not cross. For he even passed over the river Ganges and visited all of India as far as the ocean, as well as the tribes of the Scythians as far as the river Tanaïs, which divides Europe from Asia; and it was at this time, they say, that some of the Egyptians, having been left behind near the Lake Maeotis, founded the nation of the Colchi. And the proof which they offer of the Egyptian origin of this nation is the fact that the Colchi practise circumcision even as the Egyptians do, the custom continuing among the colonists sent out from Egypt as it also did in the case of the Jews.
A nice passage this; not only does it reinforce Sesostris as a Hyksos king – through the circumcision motif – but it gives us a definitive literary tradition that the Hyksos sailed to India & campaigned there. According to a 4th century Greek scholar known as Euhermerus, During the voyage to India, when Zeus, ‘was king of all the inhabited world & was still in the company of men,’ after traversing the Red Sea and skirting the shores of Arabia – just as did Sesotris – he established a sanctuary upon an ‘exceedingly high hill’ on an island called Panachea in the Indian Ocean. It is reasonable to suggest that the invasion of India by Zeus was the spearhead of the Aryan invasions. Two things stand out in support; the tallying mid-second millennium BC date of both Zeus & the Aryan invasions, alongside the placing of Zeus (as Sesostris) militarily in India. This shall be the root out of which we shall send forth the trunk – i.e. the Hyksos invaded India. This is the core of our anthrotree, whose Hyksosean branches we shall now analyze in more detail.
First things first, let us establish the homelands of the Hyksos themselves. These were originally in Bactria, center’d upon the Bactria-Margiana Archeological Complex, or BMAC. Deep in the heart of southern, Asiatic Russia, it is only since the end of the Cold War that the west first learnt of its existence, to which information we can very little so cautiously secretive have been the Russians. We do know that the BMAC survived until 1700 BC, after which its population began searching for other realms to settle. Before then, it is in Bactria that the world’s first war chariots were developed out of conventional two-wheel farming carts, which would later become famous in the hands of the Hyksos. Also applicable to our investigation is the ancient Amu River which flows through the BMAC lands, known today as the Oxus. The first whiff of the Hyksos being Bactrian begins here, for the name Amu was the very one given to the Hyksos by the Egyptians.
In the Near East they Hyksos appear as two tribal branches; the Kassites & the Mitanni. Where art from Bactria and Margiana depict an, ‘anthropomorphic winged deity with an avian head holding two mountain goats by the legs,’ the same image can also be found among the Mitanni of ancient Syria, who also used the ‘new-fangled’ Hyksosean war-chariot. The Mitanni are related to Kassites, who first appear in Western Iran about 1800 BC, while two hundred years later they captured Babylon and ruled it for over four centuries. It is in the Kassite overlordship of Babylon & the production of seals to the god ‘Uzi-Sutach’ which connects the Kassites to the Hyksos, who also produced seals in the same period dedicated to ‘Sutech.’ The Hyksos also penetrated into Egypt & Syria. At Avaris, the famous the German archeologist Manfred Bietak discovered an inscription on a doorjamb, in which we read of a Hyksos king known as Sakir-Har.a
The possessor of the Wadjet and Nekhbet diadems who subdues the bow people. The Golden Falcon who establishes his boundary. The heka-khawaset, Sakir-Har.
The word ‘Sakir’ means Saka, an ancient name out of which evolved ‘Scythia,’ pointing to the homelands of the Hyksos. Ancient Scythia encompassed those epic swathes of the steppes of southern Russia above & both sides of the Caspian Sea of which Bactria was part. As for the Hyksos establishment in Syria, it is soundly attested to by an inscription on the 2nd Kamose stela, & its mention of the Hyksos pharaoh Apopi.
I put in at Per-djedken, my heart happy, so that I might let Apopy experience a bad time, that Syrian prince with weak arms, who conceives brave things which never come about for him!
There is enough evidence to approximate the Hyksos core to Central Asia, with branches spreading out as far south as Arabia & North Africa. We are now in a position to identify & assemble anthropological correspondences between the Hyksos cultural sphere & the Aryan Invasion of India; the aforementioned anthrotree. To do so we must examine the five branches one-by-one;
An immediate & significant cable-tie between the Hyksos & the Aryans is both their usage of the two-wheeled chariot, well before the rest of Eurasia. The Aryans in India were also adept bowmen, just as the Hyksos were described, & ran patriarchal communities like the Hebrews. We can also associate the living habits of the early Indian with the Hyksos homelands, for Arrian (quoting Megasthenes) noticed the distinctly Scythian nature of the early Indians.
Megasthenes states… the Indians… were originally nomads, as are the non-agricultural Scythians, who wandering in their waggons inhabit now one and now another part of Scythia; not dwelling in cities and not reverencing any temples of the gods; just so the Indians also had no cities and built no temples
Also to consider is a passion for bull-sports. When ruling Egypt, the Hyskos remembered their homelands by building the city of Saka, whose chief deity was the bull-formed Bata . Traces of bullsports have been found in Hittite Anatolia, Iranian Bactria, & also in the Indus Valley, the heart of the Aryan Invasion. Further south, in Tamil Nadu one may still observe the very ancient Jallikattu – the taming of the bulls – held in villages as the Tamils celebrate the Pongal festival.
A spiritual link between the Syro-Iranian steppes & the Aryan Indians can be seen in the religious practices depicted in both the Rigveda & the Avesta. The latter is the chief text of the ancient Iranian faith, Zoroastrianism, in which the god Mitra is a prominent figure, just as he is in the Vedas. In addition, both faiths used the hallucinogenic called soma by the Rigveda & haoma in the Avesta. We may also acknowledge among the pantheon of Kassite gods their Suriash is related to the Sanskrit Surya; their Maruttash becomes the storm god, Marut; & their Indas becomes Indra.
In the last chapter we saw how the name ‘Hebrew’ was part of a babel-chain with ‘habiru,’ ‘abhira’ & ‘apira.’ Throughout Central Asia, the Abhira are remembered in places such as eastern Iran’s Abiravan, while completely satisfying the needs of our anthrotree we encounter the Abhira on the western coast of India between Tapti to Devagarh, & stretching inland along the eastern banks of the Indus. In his rarely read ‘Anacalypsis,’ Godfrey Higgins (1772-1833) points out here were thousands of Hebrew-like place names all across India which had been changed ever so slightly as to mask their Jewish origins. Among these are Seuna-Desa (Zion Land) in Maharashtra, while Nashik is the exact Hebrew name for ‘Royal Prince.’
In 1786, the great orientalist Sir William Jones announced the discovery, or at least a remembrance, of an Indo-European language which appeared to be the mother tongue of the vast majority of Eurasia’s tongues. In his Third Anniversary Discourse to the Asiatic Society, he proposed with much erudition that Sanskrit, Greek and Latin all had a common source, while etymological relationships could also be found with Gothic, Celtic & Persian. Despite the fanfare he was not the first to suggest such a state of affairs, for as early as 1653 Van Boxhorn had suggested that a language called Scythian was the basis upon which stood Germanic, Romance, Greek, Baltic, Slavic, Celtic and Iranian. Sir William wins the laurels, however, for his famous ‘philologer’ passage which set in motion the pseudo-science of comparative linguistics.
The Sanscrit language, whatever be its antiquity, is of a wonderful structure; more perfect than the Greek, more copious than the Latin, and more exquisitely refined than either, yet bearing to both of them a stronger affinity, both in the roots of verbs and the forms of grammar, than could possibly have been produced by accident; so strong indeed, that no philologer could examine them all three, without believing them to have sprung from some common source, which, perhaps, no longer exists; there is a similar reason, though not quite so forcible, for supposing that both the Gothic and the Celtic, though blended with a very different idiom, had the same origin with the Sanscrit; and the old Persian might be added to the same family
As far as our investigation goes, the Hyksos connection can be seen in Sanskrit’s relationship with ‘old Persian.’ The ‘common source’ mentioned by Jones came to be known as Proto-Indo-European (PIE), which can be partially constructed by pure inference alone. At its core are keywords such as that from which evolved the English daughter, the Ferman tochter, the Greek thygatêr, the Lithuanian dukte, the Russian doch & the Sanskrit duhit. Another word family revolves around the Sanskrit root, ar, which means plough, giving us the Slavic arati, the Latin aratrum & the Czech oradlo. In much the same consequence we have father, vater, padre & the Avestani pitar. For my mind; the diction, syntax & vocabulary of PIE should have originated with the ancient language of the BMAC. It has indeed been well established now that there are over 50 near-identical words in old Iranian & Sanskrit which evolved out of BMAC.
There is a lovely Indian myth that ties Proto-Dravidian & Vedic Sanskrit together. It tells us how Lord Shiva began to play his Damroo (Udukkai in Tamil), a musical instrument formed from animal vertebrae & skin. A small ball would bounce between the ends of the instrument, & as it did so one side created Tamil & the other Sanskrit. The allegory is that both Tamil & Sanskrit had a common source – HYKSOSEAN. It has indeed been noticed how the Dravidian languages of South India share much common ground with the Sanskrit. Languages are like continents dividing tectonically, then drifting apart. On both landmasses certain animals are the same – the older sort – but there are new animals which have evolved. In India, the language of the Hyksos morphed into the Indo-Aryan tongues of Sanskrit, Hindi, Bengali & Urdi; & also the Dravidian languages, with the latter transforming far from the Scythian original due to the aboriginal influence of the dark-hued Dravidian natives. Dravida Peravai (with the help of a few fellow-scholars) points out the similarities between the two languages, without mentioning the possibility of an Indo-Aryan substratum such as the one we are slowly creating;
The view that the Dravidian languages are the foundation of Sanskrit is supported by both Konow and Keith who noted that the auxiliary verbs, periphrastic future, and the participial forms in Sanskrit were probably of Dravidian origin. Stephan H. Levitt in a recent article in the International Journal of Dravidian Linguistics has suggested that Sanskrit may have adopted many North Dravidian forms. In addition, Levitt is sure that certain Sanskrit etyma for animals and plants that end in -l, are of Old Tamilian origin. Due to early Dravidian settlement in Northern India there is a Dravidian substratum in Indo-Aryan… Burrow (1962) found 500 Dravidian loan words in Sanskrit. In addition, Indo-Aryan illustrates a widespread structural borrowing from Dravidian in addition to 700 lexical loans (Kuiper 1967; Southward 1977; Winters 1989).’
A serious piece of evidence linking Vedic India with the Mitanni branch of the Hyksos was found in northern Syria. In a cueniform treaty between the Hittites and the Mitanni made in 1380 BC, the Hurrian speaking Mitanni king swears by the gods Mitrašil, Uruvanaššil, Indara, and Našatianna, who correspond to the Vedic deities Mitra, Varuna, Indra, and Nasatya (Ashvins). In addition, the Mittani also produced a horse-training manual (circa 1400 BC), created by ‘Kikkuli the Mitannian,’ which contains a number of Indo-Aryan technical terms;
Manual Vedic Sanskrit English
aika eka one
tera tri three
panza pañca five
satta sapta seven
na nava nine
vartana vartana round
Other Mittani words link’d to Indo-Aryan found elsewhere include the colours babru-babhru (brown), parita-palita, (grey), and pinkara-pingala (red), while the term marya means warrior in Hurrian & young warrior in Sanskrit.
If we accept that India was infiltrated by a series of massive Indo-European migrations about the year 1500 BC, there should be residual evidence in the DNA of Indians & the so-call’d ‘Aryans’. This is indeed true, for the aotosomal DNA of the invasion still flows in the blood of the Northern Indians, especially those of a higher caste. They in fact share more with populations from the Middle East, Central Asia & Eastern Europe. The traditionally eastern European R1a haplogroup, & especially the R1a1a subgroup, are rife in northern India; which offers a neat comparative match for the similarities between the Lithuanian and Sanskrit languages.
If any tree is living well & prospering with the vital energies of life, a rush of green foliage soon flows into & between the branches like tidal water into coastal rocks. In the same fashion, if the hyperbasis of AN anthrotree is correct, & the evidence which have created the branches infallible, then we should be able to find upon the tree certain corresponding literary legacies – ie leaves. Together they make up the foliage of an anthrotree, & there just so happens to be an ancient literary record which embellishes, rather than detracts from, the Hyksosean Invasion theory.
The key figure is Dionysis, & when Diodorus Siculus tells us, ‘since all men agree that Dionysus fought on the side of Zeus in his war against the Titans,’ we can begin to place the god in the right time-frame to invade India with Zeus. according to the legends, Dionysis was Zeus’ son, thu’ Diodorus was hardly convinced in the matter, telling us, ‘Dionysus had been born of Semelê and Zeus,’ adding, ‘later, after the writers of myths and poets had taken over this account of his ancestry, the theatres became filled with it and among following generations faith in the story grew stubborn and immutable.’ This is a perfect description of the crystalization of a chisper, but I do believe Diododrus is wrong here, or at least confused enough by the mythologizing to lose his euhemeristic respect for the tale. The thing is, I’m not so sure about Semelê, but by assembling a wee babel-chain, we can definitely begin to unveil the truth behind the origin of the story Zeus being the father of Dionysus.
Seuserenre – Yanassi
Seus – Ionassi
Zeus – Dionyssis
Yanassi appears only once in the recorded annals thus far, upon a damaged stela found at Avaris, naming him as the ‘eldest king’s son’ of Seuserenre. This means he should have come next in the succession, but the throne of Hyksosean Egypt went instead to Apophis. Why is this? One expects it would have been a tad difficult to rule Egypt when one was campaigning on the other side of the ancient world. Diodorus tells of Dionysus;
The most famous part of his wanderings in Asia is his expedition to India, which is said to have lasted three, or, according to some, even 52 years.
A detailed account of the invasion is found the 20,000 line 48 book epic, Dionysiaca by Nonnus. Some of the details seem heavily influenced by Alexander the Great’s campaigns, but there lingers in the text the historical essence of a Bronze Age Dionysus, as recorded by the lost poems of Euphorion & Peisander of Laranda, giving us the following information;
1 : Dionysus grew up in the mountains of Lydia, i.e. western Turkey.
2 : Zeus orders Dionysus to make war against the Indians.
3 : After the campaign Dionysus goes to Athens where he marries Ariadne following her abandonment by Theseus. Hesiod tells us; ‘and golden-haired Dionysos made blonde-haired Ariadne, the daughter of Minos, his buxom wife: and [Zeus] the son of Kronos made her deathless and unageing for him.’
During his time in India, Dionysus enabled a certain sense of civilisation, which smacks completely of the influence of the ‘Aryans’ on Indian culture. He is said to have ‘founded cities, and gave laws for these cities,’ &;
There are pointed out among the Indians even to this day the place where it came to pass that the god was born, as well as cities which bear his name in the language of the natives; and many other notable testimonials to his birth among the Indians still survive, but it would be a long task to write of them
The key fact here is the birth of Dionysus in India. We have already placed his father, Zeus, in the subcontinent, so that’s half the job done. According to Sir William Jones, ‘Meros is said by the Greeks to have been a mountain in India, on which their Dionysos was born, and that Meru, though it generally means the north pole in Indian geography, is also a mountain near the city of Naishada or Nysa, called by the Greek geographers Dionysopolis, and universally celebrated in the Sanskrit poems.’ We also have another Bronze Age half-man, half-god figure said to have campaigned in India, the remarkable fellow called Herakles. Remarkably both this demi-god AND Dionysis can be found transchispered into the sketchy pharaoh lists recorded by Manetho & Africanus, in which we have the following successions of Hyksos kings;
Beon (44) Bnon (44)
Apakhnas (36) Pachnan (61)
Apophis (61) Staan – – (50)
Iannas (50) Archles – – (49)
Assis (49) Aphopis – – (61)
Looking at the two, we can see differences in order & one anomaly in reign length with Apakhnas & Pachnan. The actual truth in the chisper is not so important here, but what is relevant are the name of two of Zeus’ mythological sons;
Archles = Hercules
Iannas = Dionysus
There appears to be at least two different Herakles active in the Bronze Age world, with Diodorus describing the first as; ‘the most ancient Heracles who, according to the myths, had been born in Egypt, had subdued with arms a large part of the inhabited world, and had set up the pillar which is in Libya.’ Diodorus also writes, ‘inasmuch as it is generally accepted that Heracles fought on the side of the Olympian gods in their war against the Giants,’ which makes him a contemporary of Zeus AND fighting alongside his brother, Dionysus, in the War of the Titans. What is beautiful is that we can also place the two brothers fighting alongside each other in India. The third century AD writer, Pisistratus, retold a local account of Heracles & Dionysus assaulting an unlocated, ‘Sacred Ridge,’
On many parts of this rock you see traces of cloven feet and outlines of beards and of faces, and here and there impressions of backs as of persons who had slipped and rolled down. For they say that Dionysus, when he was trying to storm the place together with Heracles, ordered the Pans to attack it, thinking that they would be strong enough to stand the shock; but they were thunderstruck by the sages and fell one, one way, and another, another; and the rocks as it were took the print of the various postures in which they fell and failed
This Hyksosean Herakles links the Anatolian Sabians in Harran with the Indian Sibae tribe. According to Quintus Curtius, the Sibae, whom he calls Sobii, occupied the country between the Hydaspes and the Akesines, while Strabo tells us; ‘they said also that the Sibae were descended from those who accompanied Herakles on his expedition, and that they preserved badges of their descent, for they wore skins like Herakles and carried clubs, and branded the mark of a cudgel on their oxen and mules.’ Quintus Curtius also mentions that when Alexander the Great confronted Porus, Porus’s soldiers were carrying an image of Herakles in their vanguard. In his lost Indika, quoted heavily from by Arrian, Megasthenes, a Greek geographer of the third century BC, places Heracles in the Mathura area, describing him as being; ‘Held in especial honour by the Sourasenoi, an Indian tribe who possess two large cities, Methora & Cleisbora, & through whose country flows a navigable river called the Iobares.’ Megasthenes also states that, ‘the garb which this Heracles wore was like that of the Theban Heracles, as also the Indians themselves record; he also had many sons in his country, for this Heracles too wedded many wives; he had only one daughter, called Pandaea; as also the country in which she was born.’ Megasthenes is describing here the Pandyan Kingdom, of which Mathura was a part, as being named after Pandaea, the only daughter of Herakles. We must also appreciate a possible philochisp between the Indian Sourasenoi tribe & the Hyksos king, Seuserenre. Finally, Megasthenes tells us Herakles founded the city of Patliputra.
He was the founder, also, of no small number of cities, the most renowned and greatest of which he called Palibothra. He built therein many sumptuous palaces, and settled within its walls a numerous population. The city he fortified with trenches of notable dimensions, which were filled with water introduced from the river.
It can be fairly said that our first Hyksosean anthrotree has borne good fruit, such as Seuserenre Khyan & his Hyksos sons establishing themselves in India, where they would be remember’d as Herakles & Dionysus. Some may scoff, but if were able to plant the same species of anthrotree in a different places, & see it also bear healthy leafage & indisputable fruits, then surely the two trees will support each other intrinsically. This would just be like comparing the far-scattered members of the old British Empire who still play rugby & cricket, still worship Jesus, still speak the mother tongue. These are the branches of the British anthrotree. As for the Hyksosean, it is time to head to the north-western fringes of Eurasia, & the island of emerald green upon which the Irish have made their home. According to legend, it was with Princess Scota herself that the proto-Irish first left Egypt. I established in The Chisper Effect they were connected to the Daughters of Danaus, who turned up later in Ireland as the Tuatha de Danaan. With the hyberbasis that the Hyksos went to Ireland, let us examine the supporting evidence.
Passing through the ‘Pillars of Hercules’ at the straits of Gibraltar, & heading to Corunna on the coast of northern Spain, one comes to the tower at ‘Brigancia’, known in pre-Christian times as the ‘Tower of Hercules.’
2: Danu & Bali
The goddess Danu was worshiped in both Ireland in India, & in the latter land we find the Danavas, or the ‘sons of Danu.’ The Davanas were led in battle by a certain Bali, who appears in Irish cosmology as Bilé. In Canaan, Jacob had a son called Dan – the founder of the Tribe of Dan – whose mother was Bilhah. In Celtic Wales, the husband of the mother goddess Don was Beli Mawr.
Of the ‘Scottish’ discovery of Ireland, John of Fordun tells us; ‘one of the sons of Gaythelos, Hyber by name, a young man, but valiant for his years, being incited to war by his spirit, took up arms, and, having prepared such a fleet as he could, went to the foresaid island, and slew part of the few inhabitants he found, and part he subdued. He thus appropriated that whole land as a possession for himself and his brethren, calling it Scotia, from his mother’s name.’ Here we can easily see the similarity between Iberia, Hybernia & of course the Hyksosean ‘Ahbiru’ & ‘Habiru.’ Proffessor Barry Fell pointed out that among the ancient names for Ireland was Ibheriu, tying all the names together in a neat babel-chain;
In the 19th century, Godfrey Higgins stated; ‘the Irish word ‘Ogham’ and the ‘Acham’ of the Sanscrit I have shown to be the same. When we consider this we shall not be much surprised to find the language of Scotland called Sanscrit, or Gael-doct, that is, learned Gael….The language of the sacred island of Iona, of Scotland, is the Gaelic, but it is also called Shan Scrieu or Sanscrit….While travelling lately by coach, in the Highlands of Scotland, an old gentleman told me the Gaelic language was called Sanscrit. On the coach-door being opened by the waiter, when we arrived at the next inn, the old gentleman asked him, in English, if he understood the Gaelic, and what was the name in Gaelic of the language: his answer was, without a moment’s hesitation, Sanscrit…We have found the word Gael or Gal in Ben-gal, and the Gaelic language in Scotland….I believe there were many Sanscrit languages; it was an appellative term, and applied equally to the Gael or Celtic in India, and in Scotland. The Scotch Gael or Celtic, was the Gael of Singala, of Beni-Gael, of Point-de-Galle, of Oru Gallu, of the Syriac or Hebrew or Pushto. This very ancient and first-written syllabic language was, I cannot doubt, the Sanscrit or holy writ, and thus it is found in Scotland.’
Just as our Hyksos loved their bullsports, so do the Spanish, especially those in the Basque country where the Hyksos under Scota had settled before moving to Ireland. It can now be seen as no coincidence that a great many Basque words are reminiscent og those found in the Dravidian languages of southern India. Nyland, using transliterations and Basque translations provided by Dr. N.Lahovary, gives us another 125 Dravidian-Basque connections, including;
ura wife urruxa female
aru to give birth aur child
suri to pour isuri to pour
biho heart bihotz heart
kara height garai high, prominent
ba mouth abo mouth
tshika small child txiki small
amma female ama mother
kerki throat gurka throat
mugul flower bud mugil flower bud
buti man servant botoi man servant
maintu love maita love
Professor Vahan Sarkisian notes numerous lexical and grammatical similarities between Basque and Armenian. This language is spoken in the east of Turkey, in the locality of the Mitanni sphere. Also spoken in the are was Hurrian, whose connections with Basque are few, yet significant; linked as they are by words connected to ancient institutions such as religion & social organization.
Sweeping back east, let us examine an order of Babylonian priests, known to the world as the Chaldeans. The influence of this mysterious mysterious Near-Eastern sect, otherwise known as the Magi, was felt all across the ancient world, with Diogenes Laertius stating; ‘some say that the study of philosophy was of barbarian origin. For the Persians had their Magi, the Babylonians or the Assyrians the Chaldeans, the Indians their Gymnosophists, while the Kelts and the Galatæ had seers called Druids and Semnotheoi.’ Their chief deity was Ba’al, as given in the Book of Jeremiah (32:29);
And the Chaldeans, that fight against this city, shall come and set fire on this city, and burn it with the houses, upon whose roofs they have offered incense unto Baal, and poured out drink offerings unto other gods, to provoke me to anger
The name of Ba’al immediately brings to mind the Irish Bilé, & upon investigation the Chaldean religion appears highly similar to that of the druids who arrived in Ireland with the Tuatha de Danaan. Just as Bile was the father of the Irish gods, so Ba’al was the, ‘oldest and mightiest of the gods of Babylonia, one of the earliest trinities. He was “Lord of the World,” father of the gods,” & was celebrated back in Ireland at the Celtic Spring festival of Beltane. i.e.‘Ba’al’s Fire.’ The source of the Chaldean faith can be traced to Egypt, where Ba’al, appears as Belus, the father of Danaus, of whom Diodorus tells us;
After establishing himself on the Euphrates river he appointed priests, called Chaldaeans by the Babylonians, who were exempt from taxation and free from every kind of service to the state, as are the priests of Egypt; and they also make observations of the stars, following the example of the Egyptian priests, physicists, and astrologers.
6: Asia Minor connection
Finally, the anonymous author of the life of St Gadroe presented a legend of the origin of the Scots, in which they are said to have been a colony from a city called ” Choriscon,” situated on the river Pactolus, between the regions of Choria [Caria] and Lydia.
Out of the foliage of this second Hyksos anthrotree, I shall pluck out a fruity hyperfact namely saying that Belus was a Hyksos leader. Diodorus Siculus, for example, cites Euhemerus as relating how Zeus went to Babylon and was entertained by Belus. Chispological support comes with a Biblical figure living at the end of the Moses period called Balaam son of Beor, or Bela son of Beor, from Pethor (Pitru) in Mesopotamia. This ancient settlment lay beside the River Sagura, a western tributary of the Euphrates, connecting with the building of a seminary by Belus in that very area. With the Hyksos period predating Moses, it makes sense that in an inscription found at Deir ‘Alla in 1967, Bal’am son of Be’or was not a prophet of YHWH, but of the Hykos chief diety, ‘Ahstar’ & also of ‘Shgr,’ whose name can be connected easily to the River Sagura.
It is through religion of the Hyksos that we can now understand how Judiasm & Hindusim have points of common origin. We have already seen how the Jews left their presence in the topography of northern India, to which we may add a remembrance of the studies of Clearchus of Soli, embedded in the Contra Apionem of Josephus, who declares that, ‘ these Jews are derived from the Indian philosophers; they are named by the Indians Calami, and by the Syrians Judaei, and took their name from the country they inhabit, which is called Judea; but for the name of their city, it is a very awkward one, for they call it Jerusalem.’ In addition we can make the following links;
(i) Both the Jewish and the Hindu calendars are lunar. Yom Kippur in the Jewish calendar coincides with Durga puja in the Hindu calendar. Purim and Holi occur on the same day.
(ii) Both Jews and Hindus perform marriage rites under a canopy.
(iii) The six-pointed star, Magen David, is also a sacred Hindu symbol.
(iv) The pancha diyas or five lamps used in Hinduism are similar to the menorah lit during Hanukkah.
(v) The design of the second temple and the Thanjavur temple in Tamil Nadu are very similar.
(vi) Both faiths remove their sandals while entering a temple or synagogue.
(vii) Both faiths have ritual baths before special occasions.
(viii) Both faiths require the isolation of women during the days of the menstrual period and after childbirth.
(ix) The death rite of Both faiths are similar.
(x) There are certain striking similarities between the Hindu god Brahma and his consort Sarasvati, and the Jewish Abraham and Sarai.
(xi) The names of Isaac and Ishmael seem derived from Sanskrit: (Hebrew) Ishaak = (Sanskrit) Ishakhu = “Friend of Shiva.” (Hebrew) Ishmael = (Sanskrit) Ish-Mahal = “Great Shiva.”.
Returning to Belus, of his four known sons, Aegyptus ruled Arabia also tallies nicely with Josephius’ account of the Hyksos, when, ‘some say that these people were Arabians.’ We can connect another sibling, Phineus, to Scota herself, for he appears in Irish literature as Fenius Farsaidh, the grandfather of Gaythelos. That Fenius was Scythian supports his Hyksos identity, while as the transchispered ‘Goidal Glas,’ his grandson appears to have been the high priest, the ‘Kohen Gadol,’ of the Hebrews. Analyzing the contextus of Phineus, we discover a certain tale – as given by Ovid – in which he brandishes a spear against Perseus while squabbling over the daughter of Casseiopeia, who had been declared by her mother to be more beautiful than the Nereids. The names & situation massively reflect a Biblical figure called Phinehas, in whose tales we see an incident with remarkable echoes to that of Phineus. For Casseiopia we have a certain idolatrous Cozbi, & we may observe the Biblical Phinehas also brandishes a spear. The ‘most beautiful woman’ motif contained in Ovid finds its Biblical reflection in Flavius Josephus, who asserts that the enemies of the Israelites sent their most beautiful women to seduce the Jews into idolatry. Josephus explains the result was the slaying of Cozbi by Phinehas, after which God rewarded him & his posterity with the covenant of an everlasting hereditary priesthood – explaining how Gaythelos became the ‘Kohen Gadol.’
Between Fenius & Gaythelos was a figure called Neleus, the husband of Scota. According to the Irish account, he left Scythia to study languages on the plain of Shinar, which appears somewhere in Babylonia in the Bible as the location of Tower of Babel. The Jewish Pentateuch is a mish-mash chisperball of earlier events, but I have been able to actually sense & see the truth in the matter. Genesis tells us;
And the whole earth was of one language, and of one speech. And it came to pass, as they journeyed from the east, that they found a plain in the land of Shinar; and they dwelt there… And the LORD came down to see the city and the tower, which the children of men builded… And the LORD said, Behold, the people is one, and they have all one language; and this they begin to do: and now nothing will be restrained from them, which they have imagined to do… Go to, let us go down, and there confound their language, that they may not understand one another’s speech… So the LORD scattered them abroad from thence upon the face of all the earth: and they left off to build the city.
This is in fact an account of the Hyksos bringing their one language to the rest of the ancient world, i.e. the introduction of PIE as the substratum to the world’s languages. A detailed remembrance of the influence on language of Fenius Farsaidh can be found in the History of Ireland, written by the 17th century Gaelic scholar Seatrún Céitinn;
When Fenius became King of Scythia… He sent seventy-two of his court scholars to the various countries on the three continents of the world that were known to be inhabited, and charged them to remain abroad for seven years, so that each of them might learn the language of the country in which he stayed. At the end of seven years, they returned to Scythia and to King Fenius, who then established a school for the teaching of languages.
According to the 7th century Auraicept na n-Éces, Fenius Farsaidh discovered four alphabets, the Hebrew, the Greek, the Latin and the Ogham. The truth would be something like these four alphabets evolved out of the Hyksos use of a script, most likely to be Proto-sinaitic. In his General History of Ireland, Geoffrey Keating tells us Niul was born in the ‘Magh’, or Plain, of Senair, in the Foras Feasa Ar Éirinn, we read, ‘It was about this time that Niul, a son of Fenius, was born at Eathena.’ Keating also states that, ‘Magh Senair’ was,‘near the city called Athens.’ This means that the Plain of Sinar was not in Babylonia, but in Greece.
Mycynea, huh? Suddenly we can begin to make sense of a statement by Diodorus Siculus, paraphrasing the lost Aegyptica of Hecataeus of Abdera, who says, ‘aliens were driven from the country, and the most outstanding and active among them banded together and, as some say, were cast ashore in Greece and certain other regions; their leaders were notable men, chief among them being Danaus and Cadmus. But the greater number were driven into what is now called Judaea, which is not far distant from Egypt and was at that time utterly uninhabited. The colony was headed by a man called Moses.’ Here we have the Hyksos ‘aliens’ clearly heading to Greece. Martin Bernal, in his deeply-thought opus Black Athena, correctly identified the Hykos as being the founders of Mycynae, pointing to the presence of an Ugarit toponym, either mhnt – camp – or mhnm- 2 camps. The Ugaritian ‘h’ is pronounced ‘kh,’ giving us a Mycynae like pronunciation of mkhn. Additionally, Altan Oba in his ‘The Golden Barrow’ noted how the tombs of the Scythian kings in the Crimea were built in a method that was ‘surprisingly reminiscent of Mycenaean constructions,‘ ie enormous blocks of dressed stone overlapping each other until they centrally meet in a royal, corbelled vault. We may also note Gregory Borovka’s statement in his Scythian Art, where he recognises, ‘the striking circumstance that the Scytho-Siberian animal style exhibits an inexplicable but far-reaching affinity with the Minoan-Mycenaean. Nearly all its motives recur in Minoan-Mycenaean art.’
Let us now return to the Athens-born Niul, who appears in John of Fordun, as a ‘certain king of the countries of Greece, Neolus.’ A variant name given in the Lebor Gabala Erenn) is Nel. It is time for a wee babel-chain.
At the heart of this babel chain we see the name of Menaleus, whose eloping wife Helen initiated the Homeric Trojan War. In support of the Menaleus-Neolus connection, three ancient sources state that Menaleus had a son called Aithiolas, being the Scholion to Homer’s Iliad 3 (175th); Eustathius of Thessalonica & the Byzantine Suda (alphaiota 124). It is by no stretch of the imagination to see how the name Aithiolas transchispers into Gaythelos, or better still Gaithelos, as given by other Irish records. A connection to our anthrotree comes with the adventures of Menaleus as written down by a grammarian called Aristonicus, upon whose now-lost text ‘On the Wanderings of Menelaus,’ ruminated Strabo. In these ponderings, Strabo states that of the accounts collected by Aristonicus, ‘some propose a coasting-voyage by Gades as far as India.’ Gades is Cadiz, i.e. the Pillars of Hercules, & this little nugget also places Menaleus among the Aryan Invaders.
The ancient city of Mycenae was sited in the northwest corner of the Plain of Argos, on the Peloponnese, in which place Pausanius, the Greek travel writer of the 2nd century AD, recorded, ‘the underground chambers of Atreus & his children, in which were stored their treasure. There is the grave of Atreus, along with the graves of such as returned with Agamemnon from Troy.’ In the late 19th century, a renegade amateur archeologist from Germany called Albert Schliemann excavated the site, discovering fabulous grave treasures which included the ‘Mask of Agamemnon,’ proving that the Homeric epithet, ‘Mycenae, rich in gold,’ was no exaggeration. Dated to 1550 BC, scholars have suggested that the treasures cannot be connected to the Mycynean leadership fighting a Trojan War in the 13th Century BC. Unraveling the factochisp, & moving Menaleus & Agamemnon back three centuries, when Schilemann telegraphed the King of Greece that he had, ‘gazed on the face of Agamenon,’ his proud & swoony statement may bear out to be true, although not in the way standard Homeric scholarship has imagined. The graves also contain’d many exotic items for a rural backwater of a fledgling Greece. In Emily Vermeule’s list we may detect traces of the Hyksos world as in, ‘ostrich eggs from nubia, sent through Egypt & crete, lapiz lazuli from Mesoptamia, alabaster & faience from Crete, raw ivory from Syria, silver from Anatolia.’ Also found in the graves were gold diadems, which parallel closely certain diadems found in a second millennium BC grave at Assur, a sixteenth-century BC Kassite ring & other artifacts across Anatolia.
The Irish records tell us that Niul was a ‘Governor of Capacyront.’ This forms the first link of an interesting factochain which leads us back to Mycynae. Capacyront is Cappadocia, bounded in the south by the chain of the Taurus Mountains that separate it from Cilicia, to the east by the upper Euphrates, to the north by Pontus, and to the west by Lycaonia and eastern Galatia. Herodotus tells us that the name of the Cappadocians was applied to them by the Persians, while they were termed by the Greeks ‘Syrians’ or ‘White Syrians’. One of the Cappadocian tribes he mentions is the Moschoi, is associated by Flavius Josephus with the biblical figure Meshech, son of Japheth: ‘and the Mosocheni were founded by Mosoch; now they are Cappadocians.’
Mosocheni = Mycynae
The capital of the Cappadocian Mosocheni was Mazaca, an ancient site near Kultepe which became the power base of the Hittites. In our interest, at Kultepe was found a rare type of bead which was also found at Shaft Graves III & Omicron at Mycynae. With that wee connection I have almost finish’d my case, but there is time for one last little flourish of greenery.
The Homeric poems, the Iliad & Odyssey, are rooted in the world of Mycynean Greece. This means that if I am correct, there will be some kind of Hyksos undercurrent to the poems, the discovery of which I believe I have made. The very first king of the Mitanni realm was a certain Kirta, who lived in the 16th century BC. His name appears on an inscription found at Alalakh where King Shuttarna I is deem’d the ‘son of Kirta.’ I cannot help but see a connection here between Shuttarna & the Deir ‘Alla ‘Shaddayin,’ but what rings even truer is the existence of a Bronze Age Ugarit epic text in which Kirta appears as Keret. Inscribed in tablets by a certain Ilimilku, we are told the story of El-worshipping King Keret of Khuburu’s war against the kingdom of Udum. Straightaway appears the Hyksosean ‘Habiru’ element, whose worship of the semitic ‘El’ reinforces his Hyksoseanity. A thorough reading of the rest of the poem shows a great deal of potential influence on the Mycyenan epics. In Keret, we have armies stopping at a shrine of Athirat, or Aserah, the Semitic the goddess of the sea, just as the Mycyeneans gathered at Aulis en route to Troy. We also have have a siege of Udum, after which King Pubala was forced to give Keret his daughter, Hariya, marriage, which too smacks of the Helen of Troy legend.
It makes perfect sense that the known Asiatic imperialists of the age of the Aryan Invasion actually carried out these invasions. From their Bactrian heartlands, the Hyksos had fanned out all across the ancient world in their fast-moving, swift-conquering chariots. in the creation of a Bronze Age Empire. Heading east & west; Egypt, Greece, Arabia & India all came under the sway of the Hyksos kings, reaching their imperial height during the reign of Seuserenre Khyan in the early 16th century BC. The empire was ruled very much in the fashion of the British, where handfuls of elite Hyksos noblemen ruled over their conquered peoples, imposing their language on other cultures as they did so. This transmigration of Hyksosean language – the PIE – would form the sub-stratum of languages across most of Eurasia. Thus, whenever anybody says mentions the Aryan Invasion, by thinking chispologically we will know what they are really meaning is an invasion of India by the Hyksos.
Next Wednesday, 07/02/18
Chapter 3 : The Mahabharata
Chapter 1: The Exodus
Chapter 2: The Aryan Invasion
Chapter 3: The Mahabharata
Chapter 4: Agastya
Chapter 5: The Picts
Chapter 6: Brunanburh
Chapter 7: The Young Shakespeare
Chapter 8: Shakespeare’s Blossom
Chapter 9: The Badon Babel Tree
Chapter 10: The Saxon Advent
THE CHISPER EFFECT
Chapter 1: Chispology
Chapter 2: Princess Scota
Chapter 3: The Ithica Frage
Chapter 4: The Jesus Jigsaw
Chapter 5: Asvaghosha
Chapter 6: Dux Bellorum
Chapter 7: Dux Pictorum
Chapter 8: The Holy Grail
Chapter 9: The Mandylion
Chapter 10: Shakespeare’s Grand Tour
Chapter 11: The Dark Lady
Chapter 12: The Ripper Gang