A couple of years back, the national press covered a story of mine where I declared the location of King Arthur’s grave at Yarrow in the Scottish borders. It is there that the ‘Yarrow Stone’ marks the burial place of two princes, with an inscription reading;
This is an everlasting memorial.
In this place lie the most famous princes
Nudi and Dumnogeni
In this tomb lie the two sons of Liberalis.
At the time I wasn’t quite sure what the inscription really meant, but roll on a couple of years & Im proud to say Ive cracked it, & also confirmed that is indeed Arthur’s grave. This must have been at the battle of Camlann, of which the Annales Cambrae say;
537 AD - The battle of Camlann, in which Arthur and Medraut fell: and there was plague in Britain and Ireland.
This gives us the ‘two princes’ of the Yarrow stone. Dumnogeni means ‘Of the Dumnonians’, i.e the west country of Britain – Cornwall, Devon & Somerset – & relates to Arthur’s birth certificate, as given by Geoffrey of Monmouth, in which Artur is born at Tintagel on the north Cornish coast.
Gorlois, Duke of Cornwall, was there, with his wife Igerne, that in beauty did surpass all the other dames of the whole of Britain. And when the King espied her amidst the others, he did suddenly wax so fain of her love that, paying no heed unto none of the others, he turned all his attention only upon her… At last, committing the siege into charge of his familiars, he did entrust himself unto the arts and medicaments of Merlin, and was transformed into the semblance of Gorlois… They then went their way toward Tintagel, and at dusk hour arrived at the castle. The porter, weening that the Duke had arrived, swiftly unmade the doors, and the three were admitted. For what other than Gorlois could it be, seeing that in all things it seemed as if Gorlois himself were there? So the King lay that night with Igerne.
Confirmation of this comes from the ARTOGNOU STONE, discovered at Tintagel in 1998. Scribbled upon it was a sample of sub-roman ‘graffiti’ reading;
PATERNI COLIAVI FICIT ARTOGNOU
The translation reads something like, ‘Peter Coliavi made this Artognou.’ The discovery sent historians & linguists scrambling to identify what the word artognou meant, with the ‘gnou’ element getting everybody all confused. A few possibilities were mentioned, but no-one got anywhere really – the connection to Arthur was deemed unproven & the whole thing slowly put to bed. The thing is, the slate is broken off at just the place where artognou ends, meaning the word could well have contained more letters. So I starts chucking some of our 26 noble glyphs at it, & found that by addding a single ‘s,’ we gain the word the ARTOGNOUS,’ or ‘Artogenous,’ a Latin word which translates as ‘of the gens/family – of Arto.’ The slate’s inscription would then be rendered as;
Paterni Coliavi made this, of the family of Arto
The 7th century Life of Saint Turian describes a certain, ‘Constantine, a king beyond the sea, the son of Peterni, of Cornwall.‘ According to big Geoff, King Constantine, succeeded Arthur to the high kingship of Britain, as in; ‘Even the renowned King Arthur himself was wounded deadly, and was borne thence unto the island of Avalon for the healing of his wounds, where he gave up the crown of Britain unto his kinsman Constantine.’ It’s clear, then, that Arthur was born in Dumnonia, & would be subsequently recognizes as DUMNOGENI.
This means that Arthur’s father was LIBERALIS, a name which doesnt immediately resonate with Uther. However, using a little chispology, we can see how Uther was a later semantic evolution, as in the following babel-chain;
Liberalis – Liber – Luthor – Uther
After dropping the ‘alis’ Latin enbding, an Irish text known as ‘The Expulsion of the Dessi,‘ tells us
Nine men of Liber, son of Art, from whom are the Luburige (Rawlinson B 502)
Another recension of the same text shows how we see the ‘b’ element chispologically changes to a ‘th;’
Nine men of Luthor, son of Art, from whom are the Luthraige (Laud 610)
We also see here a certain ‘Art’ placed in the same context as a Luthor/Liber, & may even be a mention of Arthur himself, erroneously placed as the father, rather than the son! From here, then, simply dropping the l gives us uthor/uther.
This leaves us only with the ‘Nudi’ element of the Yarrow Stone. That it is not the name of a prince, but an adjective, is supported by the Dumnogeni element & from the esteemed Latin expert, Judy Shoaf, as in;
I checked the inscription and your suggestion makes sense—the forms have endings in –i which fit the plural “princes” rather than implying names of single individuals in apposition with “princes.” It’s odd that the two words were read as names, but one would expect that a memorial would give the names of the persons involved; perhaps the names were on the other side, which I gather is damaged… Liberalis, on the other hand, looks like a name, in terms of both grammar and sense
Returning to Uther, in Welsh, a ‘d’ was pronounced something like the ‘th’ sound in bathe, which allows us to change Uther to Uder. From here, we just change the ‘u’ to a ‘y’ & we found ourselves with a certain Arthuian hero known as Yder. The same man then appears as Ederyn son of Nudd, in an ancient Welsh poem known as the Dream of Rhonabwy, as in;
“Iddawc” said Rhonabwy, “who are the jet-black troop yonder?”
“They are the men of Denmark, and Edeyrn the son of Nudd is their prince.”
Bingo! There we have the ‘Nud’ element of NUDI, as found on the Yarrow Stone! This allows to make the following unassailable observations about Arthur.
1 – He was born in Tintagel to Igraine & Uther
2 – His grandfather on his father’s side was called Nudd.
3 – He died in battle at Yarrow at the Scottish borders in 537 AD
We can now also allow the Artognou stone & the Yarrow stone into Arthuriana, marking as they do the sites of his borth & death. Generous reader, if anybody ever says Arthur didnt exist, or tried to move him through time under a different personage, just direct them to this blog & give them something to think about.